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Criminal Defense Attorney Fighting for Clients in Plano and Dallas Since 1993

If you are accused of a crime – and it can happen to anyone – you’ll need an experienced defense attorney who fights relentlessly on behalf of every client – someone with a reputation for legal excellence. Based in Plano and licensed to practice law across the state of Texas, Jeffrey Grass is a highly-skilled, substantially experienced criminal defense attorney who listens carefully to his clients’ needs and crafts effective defense strategies to resolve their legal challenges. Jeffrey Grass believes that every client deserves a comprehensive, aggressive defense. He is no stranger to long hours, hard work, and doing whatever it takes to ensure clients are treated fairly.

If you’re charged with a crime in Texas, do not try to act as your own attorney. Your future and freedom will be stake. However, a swift response is essential in criminal cases because evidence deteriorates, witnesses’ memories fade, and it takes some time to tailor an effective defense strategy. If you are accused of a crime, speak to Plano criminal defense attorney Jeffrey Grass at once. He will challenge the government’s evidence against you, and he will fight aggressively for justice on your behalf. If you need legal help now, arrange an initial free consultation by calling the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass at (972) 422-9999.

Attorney Jeffrey Grass

As criminal defense lawyers, we help defendants gather the evidence they need to challenge effectively the government’s case against them. In every criminal case, we examine the actions of law enforcement officers to determine if our client’s rights were violated. If evidence against one of our clients was obtained illegally, we challenge that evidence and can usually have it thrown out of court. If your case goes to trial, we will use every available legal tool in your defense. Even in the worst scenario – when the evidence of a client’s guilt is overwhelming – we seek mercy from the court and negotiate for reduced or alternative sentencing.

Plano criminal defense attorney Jeffrey C. Grass has more than twenty years of criminal defense experience in north Texas, and he frequently represents individuals before the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court of Texas. Known for being passionate and relentless, attorney Jeffrey C. Grass lets nothing stand in his way when he fights for justice on behalf of his clients. Jeffrey C. Grass has been named as one of the Top 100 Trial Lawyers by the National Trial Lawyers Association and as one of the 10 Best for Client Satisfaction by the American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys.

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Customized Defense for a Variety of Charges

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Federal Crimes
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Federal Crimes

Attorney Jeffrey Grass has defended scores of persons charged with federal crimes. While there is often overlap between state and federal law – for example, heroin possession is illegal at both levels – the government may choose a federal prosecution if a crime is particularly serious, involves a large operation, or state lines were crossed. If you are now under investigation or if you have already been charged under federal law, attorney Jeffrey Grass can help. He represents defendants charged with federal sex, drugs, and weapons crimes, public corruption, fraud, other white collar crimes, and he defends those threatened by immigration authorities with deportation.

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Drug Crimes

When someone is charged with a drug crime in Texas, time is of the essence. You must retain legal representation at once – any delay could lead to a conviction, possibly with the harshest penalties. Don’t let this happen to you. If you’ve been arrested for a drug crime in Plano, Dallas, or anywhere in Texas, the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass can provide a passionate and aggressive criminal defense. Federal and Texas state prosecutors do not have a reputation for leniency when prosecuting drug cases. Attorney Jeffrey Glass will do everything legally possible to have the charges reduced or dismissed and to shield his clients from the most serious penalties.

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Sex Crimes

If you are under investigation for a sex crime – or if you’ve already been arrested and charged – you need a lawyer with substantial experience handling these serious criminal charges. Attorney Jeffrey Grass has extensive experience defending clients charged with state and federal sex crimes. He knows the stakes, and he understands the concerns of the accused. As a former Judge Advocate General (JAG), a former prosecutor, and a criminal defense attorney with more than two decades of experience, Attorney Jeffrey Grass has the background and resources to advocate effectively for those charged with committing any sex crime, including the most serious crimes.

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Theft Crimes

The Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass represents Texas defendants charged with theft crimes that include burglary, shoplifting, robbery, aggravated robbery, receiving stolen property, and various types of fraud. We also defend persons who have been charged with larceny, the theft of personal property without force. While there can never be a guaranteed outcome in any particular criminal case, if you face a theft charge in the state of Texas, your best hope for justice is an experienced criminal defense lawyer who has established a reputation for tenacity and a record of legal excellence – Plano criminal defense attorney Jeffrey C. Grass.

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Violent Crimes
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White Collar Crimes
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DUI
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Domestic Violence

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Violent Crimes

If you are charged with a violent crime in the state of Texas, whether or not you are guilty, you must speak to an experienced criminal defense lawyer immediately. The penalties for those convicted of violent crimes are harsh in this state because violent crimes often end with injuries or death. A violent crime can be committed with or without weapons; it is any crime where violence is used or threatened against a victim, including but not limited to murder, manslaughter, robbery, kidnapping, forcible rape, sexual battery, and domestic violence. If you are accused of any violent crime, contact attorney Jeffrey C. Grass immediately.

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White Collar Crimes

White collar crimes include embezzlement, money laundering, tax evasion, securities fraud, and insurance fraud. These are usually non-violent, financially-oriented crimes. Plano criminal defense attorney Jeffrey C. Grass has extensive experience defending clients who have been charged with either state or federal white collar crimes. White-collar crimes are usually felonies; a conviction can mean stiff penalties including heavy fines, a lengthy prison term, and a number of other potential consequences. Call the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass as soon as you can if you are charged with committing fraud or any other white collar crime in the state of Texas.

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DUI

If you’re charged with DUI in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, contact the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass at once. Experienced Plano DUI attorney Jeffrey C. Grass and his legal team can assess the details of your case, provide candid legal advice, and develop a sound, aggressive defense on your behalf. When your future and freedom are at risk, you need an experienced DUI lawyer who routinely, effectively defends accused drivers. With heavy fines, a license suspension, and possible jail time if you’re convicted, it’s imperative to have an experienced Dallas-Fort Worth DUI attorney at the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass working on your behalf.

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Domestic Violence

If you are accused of domestic violence in Plano or anywhere in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, contact Plano domestic violence defense attorney Jeffrey C. Grass as swiftly as possible. Texas aggressively prosecutes anyone accused of domestic violence. The criminal laws governing domestic violence in this state are complex and apply to a variety of circumstances and behaviors. If you are charged with criminal domestic violence, your future, your family, and your freedom could all be at risk. You must have the help of an experienced Texas domestic violence defense lawyer – an attorney with the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass.

What Our Clients Say

I am so very thankful that Jeff Grass was our attorney for my husband's case. Jeff understood my husband and his case perfectly. Jeff was excellent in his professionalism. At the same time, he was compassionate in his approach to my husband and to me. We received the best possible outcome which was so much better than what our previous attorney had anticipated.

– E.K.
– E.K.
Dallas, TX

Why Our Clients Appreciate Us

Located in the heart of Plano, Texas, the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass has been a staple in the community for over two decades serving the greater Plano and Dallas-Fort Worth areas.

Attorney Jeffrey Grass fights for his clients with tenacious and aggressive defense representation. When providing criminal defense services in north Texas, Mr. Grass focuses on a client’s interests and needs while defending that client’s constitutional rights and providing frank, candid legal advice. Mr. Grass will personally meet with you to review your case, your options, and the potential outcomes.

At the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass, our mission is to get each of our clients the justice they deserve from the criminal accusations that they are currently facing. If you need a knowledgeable, experienced Texas criminal defense attorney, or if you simply need quality legal advice, call our offices today for a free consultation.

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Recent Blog Post

2112, 2016

Is Sharing Your Netflix Password Really A Federal Crime?

By | December 21st, 2016|

If you’re online a lot in Texas, you may soon need the advice and services of a Dallas criminal defense attorney, because a recent court ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit just made sharing your Netflix password – and lying about your age on Facebook – potentially criminal acts. In July 2016, a three-judge panel determined that David Nosal had used computer passwords “without authorization” and upheld his 2013 federal conviction on a six-count indictment for violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 (CFAA).

Precisely what were the judges deciding in United States v. David Nosal, and does the ruling really prevent you from sharing your Netflix password with others? In 2004, David Nosal resigned from Korn Ferry, an executive search and recruiting company based in Los Angeles. Nosal agreed not to compete with the company for one year. Soon after resigning, however, Nosal persuaded three Korn Ferry employees to help him launch a new executive search and recruiting business. Before resigning from Korn Ferry, the three downloaded “highly confidential and proprietary” information from the company’s computers – for their own use.

In 2008, the federal government indicted Nosal and the three employees for twenty violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986. Federal prosecutors charged that the four had no authorization to download data “knowingly and with intent to defraud” from Korn Ferry’s computers. Nosal’s attorneys insisted the CFAA was designed to target hackers and “does not cover employees who misappropriate information or who violate contractual confidentiality agreements.” Nosal’s lawyers pointed out that as Korn Ferry employees, Nosal’s associates did not “act without authorization.”

PRECISELY WHAT IS THE COMPUTER FRAUD AND ABUSE ACT OF 1986?

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act is both a criminal law and a civil law that creates a private right of civil action. It allows individuals and companies to sue for damages caused by violations. The CFAA makes liable anyone who “knowingly and with intent to defraud, accesses a protected computer without authorization, or exceeds authorized access, and by means of such conduct furthers the intended fraud and obtains anything of value.”

The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California agreed with Nosal and dropped the counts based on the CFAA from the indictment. Prosecutors appealed this move, arguing that Nosal and his accomplices indeed acted without authorization because Korn Ferry’s computer policy restricts the “use and disclosure of all information, except for legitimate Korn Ferry business.”

When the Ninth Circuit Court heard the appeal in 2011 and rendered their decision in 2012, the judges ruled that an employee “exceeds authorized access” under the CFAA when an employee violates an employer’s written access policies and restrictions. Since Korn Ferry had computer use restrictions in place which the defendants violated, the Ninth Circuit Court overturned the District Court’s ruling and ordered the District Court to reinstate the five counts based on the CFAA.

ARE MILLIONS OF US REALLY COMPUTER CRIMINALS?

Nosal’s attorneys argued that Ninth Circuit Court would turn millions of us into criminals because almost everyone occasionally uses their computer at work to check their personal email, a sports score, or a news or weather story. These small and harmless acts are in fact technical violations of most employers’ computer policies. Some legal observers voiced similar concerns, fearing the prospect of federal prosecutions for actions like lying about your age on Facebook – a violation of Facebook’s terms of service.

The court’s response is that such small and harmless acts lack any “intent to defraud” and are not “furthering fraud by obtaining something of value” as required for prosecution under the CFAA. However, other parts of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 do not include such requirements, so the current ruling may in fact still allow for the prosecution of harmless behaviors that had previously been considered out of the range of the CFAA.

After the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California tried the case again in 2013, Nosal was convicted on six charges. He appealed his conviction to the Ninth Circuit Court, and in July 2016, a three-judge panel affirmed the conviction by a 2-to-1 vote and found that Nosal had acted “without authorization.” In this second decision, the Ninth Circuit Court “rejected the defendant’s contentions regarding jury instructions and sufficiency of the evidence in connection with the CFAA counts, as well as his sufficiency-of-the-evidence, instructional, and evidentiary challenges….”

WILL YOU BE PROSECUTED FOR SHARING YOUR NETFLIX PASSWORD?

So, does David Nosal’s conviction make it illegal to share your Netflix password? Probably not, although the courts haven’t directly ruled on the question. Yes, “Terms of Service” violations and password sharing could potentially be seen as violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986. However, Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the Ninth Circuit, the dissenting judge on the three-judge panel that affirmed Nosal’s conviction, wrote in his dissenting opinion, “In my view, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (“CFAA”) does not make the millions of people who engage in this ubiquitous, useful, and generally harmless conduct into unwitting federal criminals.”

“This case is about password sharing. People frequently share their passwords, notwithstanding the fact that websites and employers have policies prohibiting it,” Judge Reinhardt added. But Judge Reinhardt is not the only person who thinks that sharing your Netflix password should not result in a criminal prosecution. Early in 2016, Netflix CEO Reed Hastings even encouraged password sharing and called it a “positive” thing.

In a world where plenty of murderers, terrorists, drug lords, and other violent criminals still terrorize the innocent, it’s hard to imagine that a United States Attorney would prosecute anyone for sharing a Netflix password or lying about his or her age on Facebook. Yet stranger things have happened. Some internet crime defendants have been wrongly accused, or they simply made a mistake, went to the wrong site, or downloaded the wrong item.

In fact, virtually anyone could be prosecuted because almost everyone has made a mistake online at some point – or has used an employer’s computer to check personal email. While you probably won’t be prosecuted for sharing your Netflix password, you’re going to need the counsel of an experienced Dallas criminal defense attorney if you are charged with any computer-related crime in the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

2211, 2016

Can The Police Take My Phone As Evidence?

By | November 22nd, 2016|

Let’s say that you are a witness to a confrontation involving police officers in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, and you record the confrontation on your smartphone. What you saw at the time of the incident was chaotic, so you aren’t sure if the law enforcement officers were exceeding their authority or merely using necessary and legitimate force. Then, let’s say that you are spotted, and a police officer tells you that your phone will be needed as evidence.

Should you simply hand over your phone? Do you have any right to refuse? Can law enforcement officers seize your phone against your will if you’ve committed no crime? Like almost everything else in the law, the answer is “it’s complicated” and “it depends,” so in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, you’ll probably want to discuss any specific case of cell phone seizure by the police with an experienced Dallas criminal defense attorney.

WHAT ARE THE LEGAL PRECEDENTS?

Back in 2013, Kern County, California sheriff’s deputies found David Sal Silva, a 33-year-old father of four, passed out on the pavement. When they roused him, he was – according to a press release from the Kern County Sheriff’s Office – “uncooperative,” and a struggle ensued. Maria Melendez was across the street and took video of the incident. Silva, 33, was repeatedly struck by batons and bitten by a police dog. The autopsy, however, determined that Silva died accidentally from hypertensive heart disease.

Ms. Melendez and her daughter’s boyfriend both recorded the episode on their phones, but detectives from the Kern County Sheriff’s Office seized the phones before obtaining a warrant, Ms. Melendez told the New York Times. California defense attorney Michael Lukehart told the newspaper that the seizure of phones in the Silva case was unique in his years of working in Kern County. “I haven’t seen situations where they go to various and sundry witnesses’ homes and knock on the door and take the property of uninvolved citizens because they may have seen something,” Lukehart said.

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Ms. Melendez and her daughter’s boyfriend both said they were held against their will in their homes while deputies obtained search warrants for their phones. Kern County Sheriff Donny Youngblood disputed that allegation and said the witnesses were allowed to leave at any time but were not allowed to take their phones with them, as deputies believed the phones contained evidence. Search warrants were obtained, and the phones handed over to the Bakersfield Police Department, but some accused law enforcement officers of trying to cover up the incident.

CAN YOU REFUSE TO SURRENDER YOUR PHONE?

Attorney Lukehart told the Times that no one has a right to resist the police when they are legally and legitimately conducting an investigation. He added that police officers must adhere to regulations regarding privacy rights and the collection of evidence. The law is evolving along with the technology, and some of the murkier areas of the law should become clear as the courts examine cases and render decisions. “On the other hand, it’s still a free country last I looked,” Lukehart explained. “You don’t have to talk to anybody you don’t want to, you don’t have to cooperate with law enforcement and you don’t have to surrender your personal property.”

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According to Bakersfield police Sgt. Joe Grubbs, police officers consider a number of variables in these kinds of circumstances. If the Bakersfield police believe that someone has recorded a crime on his or her phone, Sgt. Grubbs says they will ask for the phone and try to work with the person in order not to seize it as evidence. “In most cases we ask for consent,” he said, adding that if someone voluntarily surrenders his or her phone, an officer can usually upload what he or she needs quite quickly and return the phone promptly.

However – at least in Bakersfield and Kern County, California – if someone refuses to surrender his or her phone and law enforcement officers are persuaded that it holds evidence of a crime, then officers may seize the phone without a warrant. A warrant is not required to seize a phone in such a circumstance, but a warrant will be required before anything can be downloaded from a phone. And a seized phone will take longer to return than a phone handed over voluntarily.

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE POLICE SEIZING YOUR PHONE?

Case law across the United States has varied widely regarding police officers searching cell phones without warrants. In a recent Boston case, the First U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals overturned the conviction of a defendant whose phone was searched without a warrant after his arrest. In U.S. v. Wurie, a 2014 U.S. Supreme Court decision, the justices determined that searching a suspect’s phone without a warrant violates the Fourth Amendment unless law enforcement officers can justify the search by offering exigent circumstances or some other legitimate exception to the requirement for a warrant.

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But in other cases – such as U.S. v. Damian Antonio Murphy – judges have ruled that police officers may conduct a warrantless search of a cellphone when there is a “manifest need … to preserve evidence.” In U.S. v. Young, the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals said the police may download information without a warrant from a phone seized during an arrest. Clearly, at least for now, these cases will be decided on a case-by-case basis as judges determine what is and isn’t an “exigent circumstance” or a legitimate exception to the requirement for a warrant.

Gary Bostwick, a criminal defense attorney in the Los Angeles area, told the Huffington Post that taking phones as evidence is a “very murky area” of the law. Bostwick has been involved in cases where police officers seized cellphones without warrants because – they said – they believed the phones held key evidence that the owner might destroy. In the Dallas-Fort Worth area, if the police seize your phone against your will – or search it without a warrant, whether or not you’ve been taken into custody – you should probably speak to an experienced Dallas criminal defense attorney about your rights and legal options.

Of course, it would help if lawmakers could create a comprehensive law that spells out precisely what law enforcement officers can and cannot do in particular situations. The problem, of course, is that every situation the police is “particular.” California attorney Gary Bostwick concluded, “It would be really difficult to write a law and still maintain the state’s right and duty to collect evidence.”

The Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass – $500 Scholarship

Apply Today

For more than 20 years, Attorney Jeffrey C. Grass has fought hard for people who face criminal charges in the Dallas, Texas area. He has built his business around the concept that everyone deserves the opportunity to pursue their dreams. The law firm he established reflects that core value. Jeffrey C. Grass knows about hard work and dedication. He takes pride in helping his clients and overseeing his practice. He also believes in supporting college students, especially when they do not have the financial means to achieve their goals. We are blessed to live in a country where we are free to pursue our dreams. When college students receive an education and training, they often struggle to pay for their degree. Sometimes that financial burden is more than a student can manage, and they cannot afford to continue their education.

Most students will take advantage of financial aid, but it is never enough. They soon discover that student loans are only a temporary solution. Student loans must be repaid, and the payments usually begin when many adults are starting their careers. For this reason, the Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass has established The 2017 Grass Law Firm Scholarship. Any student with a financial need can apply for this $500 scholarship. This is the law firm’s way of giving back to the community and investing in the future leaders of our nation. The scholarship does not require the winner to repay the award, and it can be used for any cost related to your education.

We encourage you to submit your application. It is free to apply!

Requirements of Eligibility

If you are interested in applying for the 2017 Grass Law Firm Scholarship, please meet the following eligibility requirements:

  • Must be a U.S. citizen or authorized to live as a permanent resident in the U.S.
  • Must gross an annual income of less than $35,000 in 2015.
  • Must provide your current email address and Facebook profile.
  • Must be enrolled in college as a part-time or full-time student (undergraduate or graduate).

Requirements of Scholarship Application

Applicants must submit a university-level essay about one of the following topics. The essay must be written by the applicant and cannot include any plagiarized material.

Essay Topics & Submission Types

Applicants must submit a high-quality essay. The essay must be 100% original work, written by the applicant in their own words.

Suggested Essay Topics:

  1. What challenge have you overcome while pursuing your college education?
  2. Who has been your greatest inspiration and why?
  3. What is the best advice you ever received as a young adult?
  4. What type of job would you like to have after graduation?
  5. What was the hardest decision you’ve made since starting college?

Essay Directions

Essays must be typed (12-point font and single-spaced) and written in the applicant’s own words. Please format essays as either a PDF or Microsoft Word Document.

Video Essay Response (Optional)

A video response about one of the essay topics can be submitted instead of a written essay. The video should range in length between 3-10 minutes. Send the entire video or the link/URL to the host site for your original video. This video is only optional and not a requirement to be selected as the winner.

Winner Selection

If you are selected as the winner, you will receive an email confirmation one week after the deadline. Once you provide your identification, the law firm will mail you a check for the $500 scholarship award.

Application Deadline

Application Deadline: April 31, 2017

How To Apply

Please follow these guidelines and review your submission before sending it:

  • Attach your essay or video to the application, and email it to
    [email protected]
  • Please provide your name, age, address, GPA, and the link/URL to your Facebook account or video hosting.
  • Include the subject line “Scholarship Submission” in your email.
  • All applications sent before the deadline will be reviewed. The winner will receive an email approximately one week after the scholarship deadline ends. The email will contain instructions to help the winner claim the $500 scholarship. (ID is required).

Questions About The 2017 Scholarship

1. Can I submit my essay again?

No. Unfortunately, due to the high volume of applicants, each student can only apply once per year. If you need to submit a revised copy of your application, please follow the same application requirements and resend it before the deadline along with the email subject line “Edited.”

2. Can I call or visit the law firm to find out if I won?

No. All correspondence must be sent by email. All questions or inquiries about a scholarship should be sent to [email protected] No letters, calls, or face-to-face visits will receive updates.

3. Is a Facebook account required?

Yes. Applicants must provide the URL to their Facebook profile to be considered for the scholarship. If you do not have a Facebook profile, please set up a free account at Facebook.com.

4. If I already receive financial aid for college, can I win this scholarship?

This scholarship was designed to help students struggling to pay for the rising cost of college. However, any applicant can be selected if they meet the eligibility requirements and follow the application guidelines.

5. How can I apply for the scholarship?

All applications (essays and videos) must be sent electronically via email. No hard copy applications will be reviewed.

6. Can I include any visual effects, music, pictures, or statistics in my video?

Yes. Videos can be unique, but all submissions must follow the application requirements and include a link/URL to the video host site.